Architecture of Doom - brutalist projects on Google Maps. Amazing.
Architecture of Doom - brutalist projects on Google Maps. Amazing.
Wearing, showing, and sharing the many things that make up your personal presence helps you understand yourself.
We all rely on cues to make snap judgments when we meet new people, and those judgments can often be accurate, at least in broad strokes. Physical attractiveness, race, gender, facial symmetry, skin texture, or facial expressions and body language are all factors that contribute to how we form our impressions of people. Those cues may also include our “stuff”: our choices in fashion, jewelry, tattoos, and key chains all provide clues about who we are, whether we intend them to do so or not.
Social psychologist Sam Gosling is interested in checking out our stuff, but not in a creepy, voyeuristic way. He has studied how we ﬁll our spaces with material things, particularly offices and bedrooms, to better understand what those choices say about our personalities. For instance, certain items function as “conscious identity claims,” things we choose based on how we wish to be perceived by others—the posters, artwork, books, or music we display, for example, or the tattoos we ink onto our bodies. We also ﬁll our personal spaces with “feeling regulators”: photographs of loved ones, family heirlooms, favorite books, or souvenirs from travel to exotic locales—anything that serves to meet some emotional need.
“If you are missing someone, you carry a photo in your wallet, or propped up next to your computer, or you value a necklace that somebody gave to you,” Gosling explained. “You do these things to connect to someone as a sort of proxy, until you see that person again.”
Finally, there is what he terms “unconscious behavioral residue,” cues we leave behind in our spaces as a result of our habits and behaviors. A highly conscientious person may alphabetize their books, while the books of someone who is less conscientious would be more haphazard and disorganized.
All these conscious and unconscious cues, taken together, paint a fairly accurate rough sketch of the personality behind them. Gosling’s research showed that it is possible to scan the objects in someone’s personal space to make indirect inferences about certain personality traits. He measured his results using the Big Five personality traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. People who score high on openness, for example, tend to ﬁll rooms with a greater variety of books and magazines, while those who score high on conscientiousness tend to have clean, well-lit, meticulously organized bedrooms.
However, Gosling cautions that this is an imprecise method; we can misread those cues. We may realize a given item is significant in some way to the owner, but we may not infer correctly the statement that it is making. Context is key. Position can help distinguish whether an object is serving as an identity claim or a feeling regulator.
If you walk into someone’s office and there is a wedding photo on the desk facing outward, so it can be clearly seen by visitors, that is likely an identity claim. However, if the same photo is turned instead to face the owner, then it likely functions as a feeling regulator, to remind him or her of a loved one.
Every personal item has a story behind it, at least if it holds any real meaning for the owner. Cultural historian Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi has argued that we are attached to old photographs, family heirlooms, or seemingly insignificant trinkets precisely because they keep us grounded in the present, and help us remember the past. In that sense, the objects with which we ﬁll our homes play a vital role in how we construct our sense of self.
I might quibble with Csikszentmihalyi’s insistence that the self is a fragile construct—on the contrary, the self strikes me as surprisingly robust despite, or perhaps because of, its remarkable fluidity—but his insights into how we infuse material objects with meaning fall right in line with Gosling’s research. Gosling found that this phenomenon carries over into our online identities as well: One can infer quite a bit about somebody’s personality by perusing his or her website, blog, or even an e-mail address. (Many Internet hipsters still sneer at those who use AOL or Hotmail addresses, for example.) We form very different first impressions of someone whose email address is just their first and last name, versus someone who uses the handle “sexyspacekitty69.”
Nowhere does this become more apparent than on Facebook, where we create detailed personal profiles of our likes and dislikes, share links, play games, take quizzes, and post personal photographs. As of 2011, there were more than 600 million active users. Increasingly, our Facebook pages are where we keep our stuff, and our profiles have become gigantic identity claims.
Gosling drew his conclusions from two related studies. In the first, participants took the Big Five personality test, and those results were compared to the so-called virtual residue (similar to Gosling’s behavioral residue in the object study) strewn throughout their respective Facebook profiles. Analysis revealed significant correlations between the self-reported Big Five test results and certain personality traits suggested by the subjects’ Facebook profile pages.
Extroverts had the most friends and interacted far more frequently than introverts, while those focused, achievement-oriented conscientious types used the site the least. Those with low scores on conscientiousness were far more likely to use Facebook to procrastinate.
My dearest Apple, I took a bite into you and let your juice run down the side of my lips. I have a mouthful of you, and I swallow. You taste sweeter than all the others. Is it because of the tree that bore fruit to you? Where do you come from, Apple? How far was your journey from your tree to my mouth? Who picked you and packed you and sent you to me? My dearest Apple. Today I give myself to you. Tomorrow, I taste another Apple.
The smell and texture of another person’s skin against my lips and the tip of my nose.
It’s still hard to explain why a bad joke became ubiquitous, but perhaps we can start with its special structure. TWSS didn’t craft sentences with sexual double meanings, as double entendre does in its classic form. Rather, TWSS found double meanings in sentences that had already been crafted. The Office was building here on earlier gags like “…if you know what I mean” and “…said the actress to the bishop” (see BBC’s The Office), as well as a 1992 instance of TWSS in the movie Wayne’s World. These jokes snuck up on you. You “spilled all over yourself” at the gas station? You “didn’t think it would be this deep” at a Chicago pizza parlor? TWSS. Here was a formula that required hardly any forethought and only a little cleverness. It was the do-it-yourself approach to sex jokes.
This structure had an unexpectedly useful consequence. It forced us to listen to ourselves, to rethink our words and notice our own subtleties of phrase. It served as a reminder, however silly, that language is flexible, recyclable, and layered.
But perhaps we can take a less high-minded approach here, and praise language whenever it manages not to be boring. There is nothing like an office to drain the joy out of words, with its relentless flow of memos and paperwork and email. While it lasted, TWSS helped rejuvenate everyday language.
And that’s partly why we watch sitcoms in the first place, because they rejuvenate our everyday life. Seinfeld made buying soup and eating muffins interesting; Sex and the City made us care about gossip and one-night stands.The Office dressed up like a documentary so it could parody our cubicled lives. Then its best bad joke caught on, and we started parodying The Office.
Wound healing, or cicatrisation, is an intricate process in which the skin (or another organ-tissue) repairs itself after injury.In normal skin, theepidermis(outermost layer) anddermis(inner or deeper layer) exists in a steady-state equilibrium, forming a protective barrier against the external environment. Once the protective barrier is broken, the normal (physiologic) process of wound healing is immediately set in motion. The classic model of wound healing is divided into three or four sequential, yet overlapping,phases: (1)hemostasis(not considered a phase by some authors), (2) inflammatory, (3) proliferative and (4) remodeling.Upon injury to the skin, a set of complex biochemical events takes place in a closely orchestrated cascade to repair the damage.Within minutes post-injury, platelets (thrombocytes) aggregate at the injury site to form afibrinclot. This clot acts to control activebleeding(hemostasis). The speed of wound healing can be impacted by many factors, including the bloodstream levels of hormones such as oxytocin.
In the inflammatory phase, bacteria and debris arephagocytosedand removed, and factors are released that cause the migration and division of cells involved in the proliferative phase.
The proliferative phase is characterized byangiogenesis,collagendeposition,granulation tissueformation, epithelialization, and wound contraction.In angiogenesis, new blood vessels are formed by vascular endothelial cells.In fibroplasia and granulation tissue formation,fibroblastsgrow and form a new, provisionalextracellular matrix(ECM) by excreting collagen and fibronectin.Concurrently, re-epithelialization of the epidermis occurs, in which epithelial cellsproliferate and ‘crawl’ atop the wound bed, providing cover for the new tissue.
In contraction, the wound is made smaller by the action ofmyofibroblasts, which establish a grip on the wound edges and contract themselves using a mechanism similar to that in smooth muscle cells. When the cells’ roles are close to complete, unneeded cells undergo apoptosis.
In the maturation and remodeling phase, collagen is remodeled and realigned along tension lines and cells that are no longer needed are removed by apoptosis.
However, this process is not only complex but fragile, and susceptible to interruption or failure leading to the formation of non-healingchronic wounds. Factors which may contribute to this include diabetes, venous or arterial disease, old age, and infection.
Fascinating is a good word for healing — before you finished picking yourself up and brushing the gravel out of your knee, your body had already begun a complex process that will soon have you ready to blade again (perhaps with knee pads this time?).
The moment you cut or tear a blood vessel, the body’s Superheros of Healing spring into action. Here’s how healing works:
- First comesvasoconstriction— blood vessels leading to the wound tighten to reduce the flow of blood to the injured area.
- Platelets(triggered by enzymes leaked from the torn blood vessel) rush to the scene. These sticky blood cells clump to each other and then adhere to the sides of the torn blood vessel, making a plug.
- Clotting proteinsin the blood join forces to form afibrin netthat holds the platelet plug in place over the tear, and in just a few seconds or minutes (depending on how bad the scrape is),BLEEDING STOPS, thanks to coagulation! The fibrin plug becomes a scab that will eventually fall off or be reabsorbed into the body once healing is complete.
Once bleeding has been controlled, the next step is stopping infection:
- The blood vessels that were constricted now dilate to bringwhite blood cellsrushing to the scene. White blood cells engulf and destroy any germs that may have gotten into the body through the open wound.
When the enemies of blood loss and infection have been vanquished, the body turns its attention to healing and rebuilding:
- Fibroblasts(cells that are capable of forming skin and other tissue) gather at the site of injury and begin to producecollagen, which will eventually fill in the wound under the scab and create new capillaries to bring oxygen-rich blood to the recovering wound.
- Skinalong the edges of the wound becomes thicker and then gradually migrates (or stretches) under the scab to the center of the wound, where it meets skin from the other side and forms a scar (about three weeks after the initial injury).
- Scar tissuewill become stronger and fade gradually over the next several years as more collagen is added, but will only have about 80 percent of the strength of the original skin.
Not all wounds heal equally. Generally speaking, more serious wounds take longer to heal. Individual factors also influence how quickly your body is able to recover from a wound, including:
- Age— young’uns usually heal faster than older folks
- Nutrition— the body needs a good supply of vitamin C to make collagen
- Smoking— non-smokers, on average, heal more quickly than smokers
- Stress— large amounts of stress can delay the healing process
- Other infections or illnesses— diabetes, thyroid disease, high blood pressure, and poor circulation, for example, can decrease the body’s ability to heal
If you have wounds that are slow to heal, check with your health care provider. It could be a sign of an underlying illness.
via Ask Alice
Welcome to the official site of the Santa Claus Village at the Arctic Circle in Rovaniemi, Lapland, Finland. Santa Claus Village in Finnish Lapland: official website.
This is nuts. There are parents insane enough to take their kids here to sustain the lies around Santa Claus.
Graham Hill’s tiny transforming apartment that packs eight rooms into 350 square feet.
So many ways to die in this world full of uncertainties and absurdities. One moment you’re sleeping, the next you’re swallowed by a sinkhole:
"Jeremy said he had just gone to bed when he heard a loud noise coming from this brother’s room.
" ‘Help me! Help me!’ his brother cried.
"Jeremy opened the door and saw that Jeffrey’s bed and dresser had been sucked into the hole. He jumped in and began to dig, but heard nothing more from his brother before [a] deputy pulled him out."
Five other adults, one child and two dogs were in the four-bedroom house, the Times reports.
They got out.